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4 facts about the Coalition government in India we don’t know

coalition politics in india
Source: Twitter/@AITCofficial

While democracy fails dictatorship arises, and no matter how strong the democracy is if the ruling party has a clear cut majority it can rule like a dictator. Though some parties may argue that being the largest democracy of the world India should not be ruled under a single party as chances of dictatorship are more. But the statement is not true and at the same time, we can’t justify the argument of one party rule supporters for the obvious reasons. The bitter truth is the Indian political system is complicated from the beginning where a common citizen will never understand anything and in fact, we can say these are beyond imagination. Though the coalition government in India merits and demerits depends on the leadership skills, however, in Indian politics this can’t be ignored and can happen at any time. Here are 4 facts about the Coalition government in India we don’t know.

More fights with alliances

The nature of coalition politics is to continue a healthy democratic practice by maintaining a political alliance, but here it works in a different way. The coalition government in India had always witnessed the bitter political battle where the fear of a destabilized government is higher. In fact, coalition politics in India has become like fighting with your alliance than the opposition. Though it prevents to take some decisions that could hit the common citizens too hard, however, the practice is not always healthy, and most of the time, alliances are concerned about their personal achievements. It doesn’t mean if the ruling party has a clear cut majority, still, the alliances may not agree with the ruling party in some decisions and can even oppose. The best example is Narendra Modi lead NDA government where TDP opposed it and left the alliance. Though that doesn’t affect the ruling party due to the clear majority still, can make a bad impression of the ruling government in front of people.

The coalition government in India has ruled successfully

After Rajiv Gandhi lead the Congress government, India had not witnessed a single large party rule till 2014, and in this 24 years of periods, coalition politics in India had toppled. But the one government survived, and it’s non-other that Vajpayee led NDA government where even staunch opposition like TMC was the part of it. The government made many successful decisions that changed the whole scenario and improve the image of India in front of the world. The path was not easy, and handling the alliances was way too difficult when their ideologies are different, however, he handled it like a pro, and successfully completed the tenure. Not Vajpayee, Manmohan Singh also proved it by ruling 10 consecutive years.

The coalition government has performed better

india gdp data
India GDP Data/ World Bank
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The surprising fact is the performance of the governments were good during the tenures and it happened between 1996 to 1998,1998 to 1999 and 1999 to 2004 and in fact, we have some historical achievement like Pokhran-II. After the second atomic test, India faced isolation and was under severe international pressure, however, the ruling government successfully handled it. Despite facing the international ban, India GDP rate rose from 4.05 (1997) to 8.846(1999) within two years. The same thing happened during the UPA rules between 2004 to 2014 and the GDP was impressive in 2007 and 2010 where it was 9.801 and 10.26 respectively.
To our surprise, India GDP growth rate increased during the coalition government. In conclusion, coalition government India writes the glorious days of India GDP history, and the single-party rule performance was not impressive in comparison.

In the end good governance matters

It doesn’t matter whether the government is ruled by a single party or through a coalition government, the intention of the elites matter more, and the most important part is leadership. With the right leadership and attitude, the nation can be ruled for five years without any problems. Vajpayee and Manmohan Singh already proved it by completing their terms without any election thanks to their negotiation skills with alliances, India didn’t face repeated elections from 1999 to 2014 despite having coalition governments. Another important fact is the government can’t take decisions with its own wish as it has a fear of opposition from its own alliances. Demonetization which is a controversial move made by the Modi government is the primary example of deadliest single party decisions. Supporters of coalition government can argue that it wouldn’t happen if BJP would not have the largest majority, however, that depends on the people who are the part of it.
In the other hand, Single party can able to take some historical decisions which are not possible in alliances as they may oppose in the fear of losing their credits. Most of the time in the coalition government, ruling parties don’t fulfill their election promises and make excuses that it’s difficult to implement due to the alliances. Though this sounds credible but not true always. Often they make pressure on the government to get special facilities for their constituencies through many ways to gain short-term benefits where the government may force to compromise on the large interest of people.
If we compare coalition government advantages and disadvantages, both have fair shares and all it depends on the people who are ruling and their negotiation skills.