Facts about emergency you have no idea
In 1975, India faced a huge political crisis, and in the other word the darkest phase of the democracy where The State of Emergency had been declared by President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed. As a result, the election had been suspended, all political opponents were arrested, and the media was put under censorship. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi has been labeled as a dictator and the forceful imposition earned her more hatred from the common people. However, there are some facts that people are not aware of the infamous emergency period that lasted from 1975 to 1977.
This was not the first Emergency period
Though many of us consider it the darkest period of democracy, however, people fail to understand that the nature of such timing was not just to suppress the democracy. Sometimes the situation demands to become ruthless to avoid external power to interfere in the internal matter of the country.
This was not the first time when the state of emergency was imposed and in fact, it was the third time. The first time was during the Indo-China war in 1962, where The State of Emergency had been imposed by citing the reason that “the security of India” having been declared “threatened by external aggression”.
The second time was declared during the Indo-Pak war on 3 December 1971 and lasted till 21st March 1977 by citing the reason of “threatened by external aggression”.
However, from 25th June 1975 to 21st March 1977, Mrs. Indira Gandhi declared under the controversial circumstance by citing the reason of internal disturbance due to political instability.
It was not Indira Gandhi’s decision
As she was the PM of the nation and had adviced President to impose the State of emergency which is why people blamed her that it was her idea. However, in reality, there were multiple reasons and people were involved who suggested her to declare it. Due to the rising unemployment, poor management of food grains and commodities, railway and student strike, the economy had been paralyzed. At that time she was facing a mass opposition and had only a few loyalists including her son Sanjay Gandhi. Though it was a different story that her son had more power, and was considered as an “extra-constitutional authority”. It was Siddhartha Shankar Ray, chief minister of West Bengal who proposed the idea of an “internal emergency” through a letter. He showed how to democratic rights could be suspended without violating the constitution. After following some procedures, President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed declared a state of emergency. Though as per the constitution, it was the President who can impose such rules, however, in reality, it was Siddhartha Shankar Ray who suggested her to do it and communist party too supported it.
The first and only PM who was declared unfit during her own tenure
In a country like India where it is even hard to give punishment to a former politician, Indira Gandhi was exceptional. Raj Narain, who had contested election against her filed a case against her in the Allahabad High Court for manipulating the election. The verdict came against the acting Prime Minister and she again appealed at the Supreme Court and here she lost. Though she was unseated from her MP position and debarred from voting, however, the Supreme Court allowed her to continue as an acting Prime Minister. The case of Raj Narain had been recognized internationally, and several media organizations across the globe praised him for his efforts. It was the first ever incident where an acting Prime Minister was declared unfit to contest the election and unseated from a position.
Cover Picture: Facebook