Mass shooting facts: 3 important things we must know
When we hear about mass shootings the first thing comes to our mind is it must be in the United States but the land of the dream is the not always the victim. History has witnessed countless mass shootings, and unfortunately, it has not been stopped yet even after the countless effort by both governments and other organisations to stop it. However, there are many facts regarding mass shootings we don’t discuss much. Here are some mass shooting facts we don’t know or maybe are ignoring.
Mass shooting facts we don’t know
Officially there is no mass shooting database to show which country has the highest number of mass shooting
According to controversial research by University of Alabama criminal justice professor Adam Lankford, US doesn’t have the highest number of mass shooting. But Lankford refused to share the research details and even admitted that it has excluded infamous 26/11 Mumbai terror attack. However, still, it’s unclear which country has the highest number of mass shootings.
Some mass shootings are government sponsored
Though people will find it strange but if you see the history you will find numerous examples about state sponsored mass shooting or government sponsored mass shooting. If you see mass shooting history, there are two examples that indicate about state-sponsored.
Jallianwala Bagh massacre
It is the worst mass shooting in history and that too also government sponsored massacre. On 13 April 1919, 50 police officers from the British government started firing to the crowd that gathered for a peaceful protest. The death count was 1,600+ including women and children and the shooting was continued for ten minutes and blocked the entrance to prevent people to leave the place. To save themselves from the firing, people jumped to the well that caused the death of 120 innocent lives.
The cause of Jallianwala Bagh massacre was to Rowlatt Act that gave the British Government to prosecute any person living in India to put him/her behind the bar for two years without any trial. People were not informed about the act and gathered for a festive session and to protest the arrest of two national level leaders Satya Pal and Saifuddin Kitchlew.
Mumbai Terror attack
Though it is a terror attack, still had the support of the Pakistan government and despite getting pressure from various countries it refused to take action against the main conspirators. On 26th November 2008, 10 terrorists entered Mumbai and continued their attack for four days at the various places of the city that caused the death of 174 people including the 9 terrorists.
Peaceful countries are the victim of mass shooting too
These are not just limited to Asian or American countries; peaceful countries are affected by mass shooting too where crime rates are too low. These incidents show it can happen at any time and anywhere no matter how developed, progressive and peaceful the place is.
Puerto Hurraco massacre
On August 26, 1990, two brothers Emilio and Antonio Izquierdo started firing in the streets of Puerto Hurraco, a village in Benquerencia de la Serena that cause the death of 9 people. Two girls aged 13 and 14 also died, and 12 people got serious injuries in this firing though they fled from the crime scene but later arrested in the next morning and got 684 years imprisonment.
The massacre was the revenge attack for Shankill Road bombing done by the Provisional IRA. On 30 October 1993, some members of Ulster Defence Association started firing at a crowded pub during the Halloween party that resulted in the killing of eight people. They took the responsibility of the attack and targeted the pub because more Catholics were coming there.
Jokela school shooting
Even Finland which is one of the most peaceful countries also faced mass shootings multiple times. On 7 November 2007, an 18-year-old student Pekka-Eric Auvinen started firing in the school during the morning that caused the death of eight people and injured thirteen, and later he shot himself.
Erfurt school massacre
On 26 April 2002, a nineteen years old expelled student of Gutenberg-Gymnasium started firing in the school compound that led to the death of 16 people including one police officer. The student committed suicide just after the shooting, and his primary target was school staff as he was expelled due to the document forgery.
It is known as the deadliest mass shooting in British history where apart from one teacher, all sixteen victims were five and six years only. The preparator was Thomas Watt Hamilton whose behaviours towards the young children are inappropriate, and several complaints were filed against him started firing in the school on 13 March 1996. This incident led to the debate on gun control, and petitions were filed to ban private ownership of handguns.
2011 Norway attacks
Mass shooting in Norway was the deadliest attack on the country since the Second World War and surprised the whole world. The cause of the Norway massacre was to give a warning to the government to stop giving asylum to Muslim immigrants as the preparator believed it’s affecting Norwegians. On 22 July 2011, a right-wing terrorist Anders Behring Breivik 77 people on a series of attack including a car bombing and mass shootings. Before the attack, he distributed a text message electronically where he wrote to deport all Muslims from Europe, and his motive of the attack was to publicize his manifesto.
Toulouse and Montauban shootings
On 11 March to 19 March 2012, a 23-year-old Mohammed Merah carried multiple attacks on different days from 11 March to 19 March 2012 that killed 7 people. On 19th March 2012, the police conducted the biggest manhunt in modern French history that lasted till 22nd March and ended after the death of the preparator.
New Zealand mass shooting
On 15th March 2019, the whole world had been shaken after Christchurch mosque shootings that led to the death of 50 people which is described as the deadliest attack in the modern history of the country. The target of the massacre was Muslims only and the preparator was a 28 years old Australian man Brenton Tarrant. He live-streamed the attack and released a 73-page manifesto that describes hate speech and anti-immigrant sentiments. The country has one of the lowest crime rates where even police usually don’t carry guns on a regular basis, and the mass shooting in New Zealand again proved that it can happen anywhere.